The Caribbean Sea is the second most plastic-contaminated sea in the world after the Mediterranean Sea. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), in a report on the Status of Styrofoam and Plastic Bags in the Wider Caribbean (May 2019) estimates 600 – 1,414 plastic items per square kilometer in the Caribbean Sea. In an effort to reduce the environmental impact of plastic pollution in the region, Caribbean governments have banned the importation of single-use plastic and Styrofoam in the respective countries.
Since 2016, the Caribbean governments of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Guyana, Grenada, St. Lucia, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Vincent & the Grenadines and Trinidad & Tobago have implemented/announced bans on single-use plastic and Styrofoam. . While St. Lucia, Dominica and Trinidad & Tobago have restricted the ban to the importation of Styrofoam, others have gone further to include its manufacture, use and sale. Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada and Jamaica have also banned the importation/ manufacture/use of single-use plastics such as bags, straws, cutlery, trays and containers.